Oile Words 5 Letters
Oile Words 5 Letters – (1562), based on the work of Sternhold & Hopkins, and their colleagues in the Church of Scotland adopted a similar psalter, published as
(1564). Both psalms were published successfully for several decades, but the poetry in them was not highly regarded. Desiring a more flexible rendering of the hymns, Francis Rous (1580/1-1659), a long-standing member of the English Parliament (1620-1659) and provost of Eton College (1644-1659), set about producing a new version . His first attempt was published anonymously as
Oile Words 5 Letters
(Rotterdam: Henry Tutill, 1638). In his preface, he was concerned about the stronghold of the old psalms, and he believed that the need for change was undeniable:
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Various well-influenced persons have turned [the Hymns] into their own languages, and not only that, but they have also turned them into harmonic measures, so that they may still be used as hymns, that is, as spiritual and heavenly songs. To promote this profitable use, having understood many years before (which experience has shown to be a true presumption) that an entirely new form would not please many who are attached to the usual and accustomed (though if hymns of a new form is read before they are sung, there is no hindrance, but that they may now be used, and after a little use will become familiar; as the former). I analyzed only to change some pieces of the usual version, even those that seemed to call out loud and that were undeniably for a change.
These were seen, it was desired that they should be increased, which is done, is here subordinate. I doubt not, but the causes of the changes will for the most part appear from the changes themselves, and the reader may easily find that the places which have been changed may well have a change for their cadence or timeliness, or for some old and abolished words, or, which is more, to agree less with the New Translation, yea, with the original itself.
Rous’ stated aim was simply to amend or update the “usual version”, and as his rendering of Psalm 23 shows, he consulted both the English and Scots versions. The 1562 English Psalter used a paraphrase by (probably) Thomas Norton beginning “My shepherd is the living Lord”, which was first printed in
(1561). The Scots Psalter of 1564 used a paraphrase by William Whittingham beginning with “The Lord is only my support”, which was first printed in
The Lord’s My Shepherd I’ll Not Want — Hymnology Archive
In both cases below, the paraphrases are misattributed to Thomas Sternhold. The text in fig. 1 of 1562 is certainly not by Thomas Sternhold, who was dead when this text was first printed, meaning that it would have been produced by either Thomas Norton or John Hopkins; Norton is considered the most likely author for reasons relating to form and style. The text in fig. 2 of 1564 is clearly credited to Whittingham in other editions.
(1638), Psalm 23 began “My shepherd is the living Lord” (fig. 3), borrowing from Norton, but the second half of his first quatrain was borrowed from Whittingham. The rest is based on Whittingham’s text, except for the last quatrain, which is loosely based on Norton.
A second edition of Rou’s psalter appeared in 1641; Psalm 23 was unchanged. On 17 April 1643, the collection was officially recognized by the House of Commons as fit for “general use”. In the subsequent 1643 edition, Psalm 23 was published again without changes. On 20 November 1643 the House of Commons ordered the collection to be referred to the Westminster Assembly of Divines for consideration. After a full year, on 27 December 1644, the Assembly of Gods offered their recommendations back to the House of Commons. A heavily modified version, made with input from Rous, was presented the following year, 14 November 1645:
Whereas the honorable House of Commons, by an order dated the 20th of November, 1643, having recommended the hymns published by Mr. Rous to the consideration of the assembly of divines, the assembly have caused them to be carefully perused, and as they are now altered and amended to approve them, and humbly imagine that they may be useful and beneficial to the Church, if they may be permitted to be sung in public.
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, 1644, rev. 1645), the revised version of Rous was approved by the House of Commons on 16 April 1646. This was printed as
(London: Miles Flesher, 1646), with the King James (1611) text given in the margin for comparison. In this edition, Rous’ version of Psalm 23 had been revised (fig. 4). Although some lines were undoubtedly improved, the first stanza, in an attempt at accuracy, suffered from structural errors, with ideas running from one line to another (
). Among the excerpts from the original paraphrase were the last line of the third verse, the last three lines of the fifth verse, and two lines of the sixth verse.
Despite being approved by the House of Commons and The Assembly of Divines, it was not confirmed by the House of Lords, which meant that it never received the full blessing of the government, and “was not by statutory enactment adopted as part of the ‘ Uniformity of Worship’, which was the dream of the time, ” and was thus not widely embraced by the English public, but it attracted interest from members of the Church of Scotland.
A More Sober Outlook Weighs On Investors
Some members of the Assembly of Divines responsible for revising Rous’s psalter were commissioners from the General Assembly of the Church of Scotland. Among them was Robert Baillie (1602-1662), professor of divinity at the University of Glasgow. Baillie presented 1646
To the General Assembly of the Church of Scotland for consideration on 21 January 1647 using a paper drawn up by the Scottish Commissioners who had reviewed Rous’s work. A committee was then appointed for further review and revision, originally consisting of John Adamson, Thomas Crawford, John Row, and John Nevay. Adamson was given responsibility for the first forty hymns. In 1648 another committee of six members was asked to review and revise what had been done.
For this task, the Assembly asked committee members to consult a metrical psalter made by William Mure of Rowallan, a well-respected Ayrshire nobleman and poet, who had completed a manuscript version around 1639 (unpublished but later included in
, 1646, rev. 1648), who was minister of the Barony Parish in Glasgow. With regard to Psalm 23, Mure’s influence on the committee’s work is evident in the wording of the last two lines of verse 4.
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Regarding Boyd’s psalter, Baillie felt that the paraphrases were overrated, and he believed that local interest in them had delayed the final product:
Our good friend, Mr. Zachary Boyd, has taken great pains and charges to make a psalter, but I have ever warned him that his hopes were groundless to have it received into our churches, yet the flattery of his unannounced neighbors. him insists on his fruitless design. The hymns were often revised and sent to presbyteries. Had it not been for some who had more respect than was necessary for Mr. Zachary Boyd’s psalms, I believe they would have gone through at the end of the last meeting.
Despite Baillie’s misgivings, Boyd’s rewriting was particularly influential in the outcome of Psalm 23. His revised version of 1648 gave voice to the Psalm’s opening lines: “The Lord is my Shepherd, I will not / He maketh me to lie.”
The final draft of the Scots Psalter was approved on 23 November 1649 for publication with a target publication date of May Day, and it was printed as
Letter Words With L As Second Letter
(Edinburgh: Evan Tyler, 1650). Ultimately, their version of Psalm 23 included language from Thomas Norton, William Whittingham, Francis Rous, members of the Westminster Assembly of Divines, William Mure, Zachary Boyd, and committee members of the General Assembly of the Church of Scotland (Kirk). . The challenge of a paraphrase like this lies in the desire to be faithful to Scripture and at the same time make the text sensible and singable in English rhyme. This was often achieved through word inversions (“quiet water by,” “I still comfort myself”). Of all the paraphrases of the 1650 Scots Psalter, the rendering of Psalm 23 is the most frequently reprinted.
The most popular tune in circulation is CRIMOND. The authorship of the tune has been somewhat disputed, involving two competing claims, both with some merit. It was first printed as a single leaflet in the series of
(1872 | Fig. 8) edited by William Carnie. In this case it was called CRIMOND and credited to David Grant (1833-1893), set to a text by George W. Doane. The preface and index also credited the tune to Grant.
Carnie, in a speech delivered to the Aberdeen Burns Club on 25 January 1897, remembered Grant and his contribution in these words:
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Mr. David Grant was in his day an outstanding figure in musical Aberdeen, and certainly one of the most cheerful, greeting-welcoming fellows in the Burns Club. A thin-browed, broad-chested little man of e.g. forty-five at the time referred to, and in spite of a considerable halt in his gait (from which he used to make jokes) as active as a schoolboy. He was