Letters On A Tombstone Abbreviation
Letters On A Tombstone Abbreviation – Or Jewish tombstones. You may have wondered, what is the significance of the rocks placed on it? Why are some tombstones vertical and some horizontal? Or what do the inscriptions and symbols on Jewish tombstones mean?
You will understand Jewish tombstones better after reading this BillionGraves post. And your visits to the cemetery will be more interesting – whether the Jewish tombstones belong to your relatives or the neighbors of your ancestors.
Letters On A Tombstone Abbreviation
My aunt, who was raised in Christianity, married a Jewish man. Eventually, she converted to Judaism herself. So I grew up suffering from Jewish traditions when we visited their house.
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We ate Passover meals with the door open and an extra plate placed on the table in case the prophet Elijah returns. We lit candles in the menorah on Friday evenings for Shabbat prayers. The prayers were served in Hebrew on my aunt’s homemade Jewish braided egg bread called shilla.
Jewish culture tends to be instilled throughout daily life in Jewish homes and even that culture is carried over to the cemetery. Understanding Jewish tombstones helps us understand the hearts of Jews. This develops love and understanding.
Why are there rocks on Jewish tombstones? Well, there are different reasons, and it depends on who you ask.
Yosef Shalom Elyashiv (Hebrew: יוסף שלום אלישיב; 10 April 1910 – 18 July 2012) was a Haredi Rabbi and posek (arbiter of Jewish law) who lived in Jerusalem, Israel. Until his death at the age of 102, Rav Eliashev was the supreme leader of both Israel and the Lithuanian diaspora.
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Some believe that the soul of the deceased remains near the body for a period after death and that the rocks will help prevent them from leaving too soon.
Others say the rocks were originally intended to locate the corpse as a warning to passing Jewish priests not to cross 4 feet of a corpse, rendering them unholy.
Still others have an older idea. Anciently, before tombstones were used to mark places of final rest, people would cover burial sites with a pile of rocks called a cairn. Over time, the weather can erode the chamber or the animals may disturb it, so it has become a tradition for visitors to take a rock with them to put in the chamber to renovate the monument.
Today, most visitors to Jewish tombstones lay a stone down to show that they were there and that one’s memory still lives in and through them. It is an acknowledgment that the deceased has not been forgotten.
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Jewish tombstones may be vertical or horizontal, depending on which subgroup the deceased belonged to. The two main Jewish subgroups are the
The ancestors of Sephardic Jews came from Spain, Portugal, North Africa, and the Middle East. The ancestors of Ashkenazi Jews came from France, Germany, Hungary, Poland, Russia and other Eastern European countries.
But depictions on Ashkenazi stones are not allowed at all in order to prevent the sin of idolatry.
Today, both groups frequently use classic Jewish symbols such as the Star of David, candelabra, candelabra, and lions.
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Previous Jewish tombstones were of wood, while today they are made of stone or granite. Tombstones are expected to be identical to those around, to avoid embarrassing those who cannot afford an ornate monument. But there may be exceptions for a great or wise scientist.
Families are not encouraged to praise the qualities of the deceased in the epitaphs because some believe that the spirit will have to interpret what is written on her tombstone during the judgment.
At the bottom of most Jewish gravestones is the abbreviation ת נ צ ב ה, a quote from I Samuel 25:29 meaning, “May his soul be bound up in the bond of eternal life.”
Jewish tombstones with Hebrew inscriptions have a bounty for genealogists that, in addition to listing dates of birth and death, also list the name of the deceased’s father. This allows families to go back an extra generation in their family tree.
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The Jewish calendar begins its first year with the creation of the world. This calendar is believed to have been designed in the fourth century by Patriarch Hillel II who determined the age of the world by summing up the ages of biblical figures and other biblical events. The calendar he created begins 3,760 years before the Christian calendar.
To convert the Jewish calendar year to the Western calendar year, add 1240 to the general abbreviated version of the Jewish calendar – which leaves 5 years after 5000. For example, if the Jewish calendar year is 5683, add 1240 to 683 to specify that the year is 1923 on the calendar western.
The Star of David was the most famous symbol of Judaism. It is seen on many Jewish tombstones as well as on the national flag of Israel.
The hands holding this position are a symbol of those who have inherited the priestly inheritance.
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The majority of those with this priestly heritage have the last name Cohen – a name that literally means “priest” in Hebrew. They are those who descended from Aaron, the brother of the ancient Prophet Moses.
The rights of the priesthood of Aaron were passed down from generation to generation. Those who inherit this right or power use it to perform priestly duties.
One of the things they do is hold their hands as indicated on these tombstones when offering Aaron’s prayer or blessing to the Jewish people.
, a symmetrically branched candle, representing the nation of Israel and its mission to be “a light to the nations.”
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God gave Moses specific instructions on how to set up the menorah that was to be a light for the Israelites in the traveling sanctuary that they used first in the wilderness and later in the temple in Jerusalem.
The instructions are recorded in Exodus 25:31-40 for the menorah holding seven candles (one main stem and six branches) to be made of pure gold.
The broken tree next to this bookshelf symbolizes that the life of this scholar or rabbi was cut short and he died young.
The hat on top of this bookshelf indicates that the deceased was a Leo. He was dressed like the figure below when serving in the temple.
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For more Jewish tombstones with bookcases, check out this post and to learn more about the symbolism of the Jewish crown click here.
This is due to the fact that when candles are lit in a Jewish house on Friday evenings at sunset, the lady of the house usually waves her hands over the candelabra three times to welcome the Sabbath.
The candles in the candelabra on the tombstone are shattered, which indicates that the life of this woman has disappeared. In other words, she died young.
Tombstones of Levitesov Ashkenazi origin often display the Levitcherin symbol to indicate the traditional Levitical duty to wash the hands of a temple priest (cohen) before religious worship.
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Below is a list of charity in order of importance as established by the famous Jewish sage Maimonides, with kindness being number one – helping others to be able to provide for themselves.
By God. Jacob or Israel became the father of twelve sons. Judas was the fourth of Jacob’s twelve sons. The Jewish people come from the tribe of Judah.
So although the Jews of the tribe of Judah are often referred to as the Israelites, the term actually refers to all the twelve tribes of Israel. Each of the twelve tribes of Israel had its own symbol.
The symbols of the Twelve Tribes of Israel were also used on heraldry during the Middle Ages by the heraldry of Western Europe.
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גּוּר אַרְיֵה יְהוּדָה or “Young Lion” (Genesis 49:9) when blessing him. Thus, the lions are the symbol of the tribe of Judah.
The tribe of Judah became the seat of ownership for the twelve tribes of Israel. Hence, the crown represents the royal lineage of Judah.
The Hebrew inscription this pair of lions bears are the letters “pey” and “nun”, which means “here lies.”
This tomb combines the symbols of Cohen’s hands as well as the lions and crown that represent the royal tribe of Judah.
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The deer symbolizes the tribe of Naphtali, one of the twelve tribes of Israel. Naphtali was the sixth of Jacob’s twelve sons (Genesis 30:7-8).
The Talmud says, “Be steadfast as a tiger, free as an eagle, fleet as a deer, strong as a lion, until your father’s will is fulfilled in heaven.”
”, while the trumpet and trumpet denote the musical gifts of the departed. The crown is a symbol of Judah being a royal tribe.
This tomb from Zydowski Cemetery in Warsaw, Poland symbolizes “turning back the hands of time,” “turning back the clock,” and “returning the past.” The mask and harp represent the deceased’s achievements in theater and music.
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Literally means “time of one year” in Yiddish. On the first anniversary of the death of a loved one, parents, husband, siblings, and children meet at the cemetery