Min Moves To Obtain String Without 3 Identical Consecutive Letters

Min Moves To Obtain String Without 3 Identical Consecutive Letters – Given an array X[] of size n, we need to find the maximum and minimum elements contained in the array. Our algorithm should make the least number of comparisons.

Important Note: We recommend that students solve this problem before proceeding to the solutions. If it is solved, then good! We’d love to hear your ideas in the message below. Otherwise, no problem! Consider this a great opportunity to learn a new problem-solving model.

Min Moves To Obtain String Without 3 Identical Consecutive Letters

Min Moves To Obtain String Without 3 Identical Consecutive Letters

Now we are moving forward and discussing solution ideas step by step. Following these steps will help you come up with an effective solution during a coding interview.

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In the worst case, we make two comparisons at each step of the iteration. This situation occurs when the array is sorted in descending order. In this case, the first if statement is false every time, and the second if statement is true every time. So the total number of comparisons in the worst case = 2*(n – 1) = 2n – 2

The best case occurs when the elements are sorted in ascending order. In this case, a total of n – 1 comparisons were made. Thinking.

Now the important question is: can we solve this problem in another way? can we think recursively to design an efficient solution? Here’s an idea!

To analyze the time complexity, let’s define a recurrence relation. Let T(n) be the problem size n time complexity.

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We can solve this recurrence relation exactly using the recursion tree method. For better analysis, let n be a power of 2.

Note: Up to level (i – 1), each subproblem performs 2 comparisons in the merge step. The last level is the case of the base case, where only one comparison is made.

Note: Here the time complexity is also O(n), but the total number of comparison operation is less than the previous approach.

Min Moves To Obtain String Without 3 Identical Consecutive Letters

In the first approach, we perform two comparison operations for each element in the worst case. Now the important question — can we further optimize it and reduce the total number of comparison operations?

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Multiple Choice Question

One idea :  Select elements in pairs and try to update min and max. Suppose the maximum and minimum up to the (i – 1)th index are updated in the max and min variables. Now we consider the i-th and (i + 1)-th index pair in the next iteration.

In both scenarios, we do 3 comparisons (in the worst case) to update the maximum and minimum 2 elements. In other words, we save one comparison with respect to the first approach, where 4 comparisons are required for 2 elements (in the worst case).

Initialization : If the array size is odd, we initialize the first element as min and max, and if the array size is even, we compare the first two elements and initialize min and max respectively.

For each pair, there are three comparisons: between the elements of the first pair, and the other two between min and max. Total number of comparisons = 3 * (n-1) / 2 (If n is odd) or 3n/2 – 2 (If n is even).

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Time complexity = O(n). Here we notice that the total number of comparisons is smaller than in the first approach. In other words, pairwise comparison helps to further optimize the first approach. (Thinking)

Important Note: We recommend that students convert the above pseudocodes to their preferred programming language (C, C++, Java, Python, etc.) and test all test cases. Please let us know if you find any bugs or errors; We would be very grateful. Enjoy programming!

Space complexity = O(logn), Total number of comparisons = 3n/2 – 2 (If n is a power of 2)

Min Moves To Obtain String Without 3 Identical Consecutive Letters

Finding the Minimum and Maximum Value in an Array Given an n-sized array X[], you need to find the largest and smallest element in the array. This coding issue was asked in facebook and microsoft chat. Read more Sorting an array of 0s, 1s, and 2s —The National Flag of the Netherlands problem Given an array X[] of 0s, 1s, and 2s. Write a program to sort an array of 0’s, 1’s and 2’s in ascending order. This is a famous coding interview question asked in facebook, microsoft and amazon. Read More Binary Search Tree Validation: Check whether a binary tree is BST or not Given the root of a binary tree, write a program to check whether it is a valid Binary Search Tree (BST) or not. A BST is valid if all nodes in the left subtree have values ​​less than the node value, all nodes in the right subtree have values ​​greater than the node value, and both the left and right subtrees are binary search trees. Read more Recursion explained: What is recursion in programming? Recursion means solving a problem by solving a smaller subproblem. This blog answers some important questions – What is recursion? What are its advantages and disadvantages? How to identify recursive problems? What is the difference between recursion and iteration? etc. More Maximum Depth or Height of a Binary Tree Given a binary tree, write a program to find its height. The height or depth of a binary tree is equal to the number of nodes in the longest path from the root to the leaf, that is, the maximum number of nodes from the root to the farthest leaf. This is a great problem to learn how to solve problems by going through DFS and BFS. Read More Least Coin Change Problem If we want to change a given value of K cents and we have [ ] = [C​1​, C​2​,  …, C an infinite supply of each coin. ​m​​] valued coins, write a program to find the minimum number of coins needed to make a change? Read More Two pointer algorithm is one of the most frequently asked questions in any programming interview. This approach optimizes execution time by using some ordering of the data (not necessarily sorting). It is usually applied to lists (arrays) and linked lists. This is typically used to search for pairs in a sorted array. This approach works in constant space.

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In this technique, pointers represent the index or iteration attribute of a node, such as next. The steps in the two-point approach are:

Pointer initialization — Starting points. The metrics can be anywhere depending on what we are trying to achieve. On the left side of the image we have two pointers that start at the same position, i.e. the beginning of the linked list. In the right part of the picture, we have one of the pointers at the extreme ends at the initial index, and the other at the final index.

Indicator movement is what decides how we approach the solution. The pointer can move in one direction (left in the image above) or in the opposite direction (right in the image above). Also on the left side of the picture are different steps for the readings (top (slow) 1 unit bottom (fast) 2 units).

A stop condition is what determines when we stop. We continue until we reach a node whose next element is None in the left part. On the right we continue until the beginning is less than the end (i < j).

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Given an integer array sorted in non-decreasing order, return the array of squares of each number sorted in non-decreasing order.

Given three sorted arrays A, B, and C, which do not necessarily have the same size. Compute the minimum absolute difference between the maximum and minimum number of any triplets A[i], B[j], C[k] such that they belong to the arrays A, B, and C, respectively, that is, minimize (max(A[i) ], B[j], C[k]) — min(A[i], B[j], C[k]))

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. Find the two lines that, along with the x-axis, form the container that contains the most water.

Min Moves To Obtain String Without 3 Identical Consecutive Letters

Hope this helps and encourage you to try this method if you haven’t already. See below for more practice problems:

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