Uo Words 5 Letters
Uo Words 5 Letters – Last in my series of long vowels, I share tips and tricks for learning long u words! Since there are two ways to pronounce long u, this is the most complex long vowel to learn. I’m going to break down each of the eight ways to spell the long u sound, and the best activities to help you teach long u words to your students.
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Uo Words 5 Letters
Yes, long you can make 2 different sounds! I know I didn’t learn that in school, but it’s true. Let’s see an example below.
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There is some confusion and debate as to whether the /y/ /oo/ sound is a diphthong (2 vowels that make up 2 sounds, such as oi/oy). Really, it doesn’t matter what it’s called, as long as you teach students to read and spell correctly.
Most of these are vowel teams, so students should already know the open, silent e, and vowel team syllables. Students should also be able to find the base word, as some of these rules apply to the base word, even if it has a suffix.
Makes the long u sound (says its name) and this is one of the most common ways to spell the long u sound. Some examples are:
It can make either the /oo/ or the /y/ /oo/ sound. Students should understand how to split words into syllables and know what open syllables are.
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The u silent e-spelling pattern is also common, but much less so than you alone. This is usually in the middle of a base word. Examples include:
. It can make either the /oo/ or the /y/ /oo/ sound. Of course, students should be familiar with the thematic syllable.
Spelling of the long u sound in the middle or end of a base word. This is another one that can make both long u sounds. Examples include:
UE usually spells the long u sound at the end of a word that follows a consonant. Examples include:
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With this spelling, but not many other words use this spelling pattern for the long u sound. It only makes the /oo/ sound.
There isn’t really a rule for when the u says /oo/ or /y/ /oo/. They both need to be taught explicitly.
Students should be able to clearly hear the difference in sounds as they perform this activity. You can use the cat and cow image to help students with correct pronunciation, although most don’t need it.
If the students say words and they don’t know which sound to go with, tell them to try both and see which one sounds right.
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The students must first break the word into syllables and try to eliminate some spelling options. So, for example, if they try to spell the word
Because that spelling option is usually at the end of a base word. If they still ask, you can prompt them with something like “it’s the end of a syllable, so what do you think could get there?” Guide them in choosing the correct spelling pattern.
You can also use the guide word approach, where you choose one guide word for each spelling pattern to use as a reference. So for
Since there are multiple options, you also expect students to be wrong sometimes, and tell them this! It’s okay if they make mistakes, as long as it’s another valid spelling option and not something that doesn’t follow any rules. Through repeated exposure and practice, they will eventually internalize the correct spelling pattern for words.
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Lots of practice and repeated exposure are the names of the game with the long u sound. Do different activities and repeat the words as many times as you can.
Phoneme Grapheme Mapping – This is a great activity that really isolates the phonograms for students to practice. You can download the book Phonics & Spelling Through Grapheme Mapping and take the long u lesson, or use my long u glossary to do the same activity with sound boxes. See below for an example.
Create short stories to anchor spelling patterns. – Group similar words and create a short story in which they help the students to remember them, for example with
, you could say ‘The pool was too cool, so we ate our food’ or something like that. Draw a picture or make your own poster with pictures of words with this spelling pattern and hang it in your room.
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SOS- If you don’t know what simultaneous oral spelling is yet, check out this post here. I love this multisensory spelling method for practicing spelling. And you can do this whole lesson or one on one, making it very easy to use in any environment.
Dictation– This is another great activity, but I would do this after you’ve spent some time on yourself as it is more difficult for some students. Also, when dictating words, give students some idea of the spelling, such as telling them it is a vowel team or an open syllable. I often dictate words that all have the same spelling pattern to avoid these problems.
Sort– Sorting is always a good idea if you have multiple spelling options. You can play matching games like memory, just sort them into stacks/columns, or create a game to sort by spelling pattern. This builds phonemic awareness, so it’s always a good activity for all students.
You can also sort by vowel team color coding or spelling pattern in the words. I took the list from the SOS activity and had my student mark each vowel team in a specific color to show the groups visually.
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I include 3 different sorting activities for the long u sound in my Long U worksheets and activity set.
Image Cue Cards – Create visual images of tricky words, homophones and homographs. These picture cues really help students remember which pattern to use. I recommend that you make these using index cards and keep them in a bag or box for reference. See an example below (it’s for a long sound, but you get the idea).
Games– Of course I always add games because it’s so easy to add a stack of flashcards to a game and make it educational! Use an easy-to-play board game where students have to take a card on their turn and add a task, such as reading and sorting the word out loud, or asking another player to spell it, or even something simple if they have the sky write word after to have read it aloud. Or print out a teacher-made game from my Long U Word Work set.
I usually use the printable board game pictured below (which you can get for free in my library after you join my email list). I make a stack of long u-word flashcards and play, with the students picking up a card and reading it aloud, then writing it in turn.
How To Teach Long U Words
Constant revision – Remember to constantly revise these spelling patterns after they are learned so that they are not forgotten. Using asound wall or phonogram exercises is a great way to do this without taking a lot of time.
Check out myLong U Word Worksheets & Activitiesresource in my TPT store for ready-to-use long u activities, reference sheets and posters, and printable worksheets.
Delilah Orpi is the owner and founder of Thrive Literacy Corner. She has a bachelor’s degree in special education, a master’s degree in TESOL and is a member of the International Dyslexia Association. She is an accomplished educator and literacy specialist, trained in Orton Gillingham and Lindamood Bell. Delilah creates literacy resources for educators and parents and writes to raise awareness about dyslexia and effective literacy education based on the science of reading.
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