Words With Ray 5 Letters
Words With Ray 5 Letters – The (international) radiotelephony spelling alphabet, commonly known as the NATO phonetic alphabet, is the most widely used set of clear code words for communicating letters of the Roman alphabet, technically a radiotelephonic spelling alphabet. It goes by various names, including the NATO orthographic alphabet, the ICAO phonetic alphabet, and the ICAO orthographic alphabet. The ITU Phonetic Alphabet and Pictogram Code is a rarely used variant that differs in code words for digits.
To develop the code, a series of international agencies assigned 26 code words to the letters of the Roman alphabet, regardless of language barriers and connection quality, so that the intuition of letters and numbers can be easily distinguished from each other by radio and telephone. Specific code words varied, and some seemingly disparate words were found to be useless in real-life situations. In 1956, NATO modified the th-currt set of code words used by the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO); This change became an international standard that was adopted that year by ICAO and a few years later by the International Telecommunication Union (ITU).
Words With Ray 5 Letters
Although orthographic alphabets are commonly called “phonetic alphabets”, they should not be confused with phonetic transcription systems such as the International Phonetic Alphabet.
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The 26 code words are as follows (ICAO spelling): Alfa, Bravo, Charlie, Delta, Echo, Foxtrot, Golf, Hotel, India, Juliett, Kilo, Lima, Mike, November, Oscar, Papa, Quebec, Romeo, Sierra, Tango, Uniform , Victor, Whiskey, X-Ray, Yankee, Zulu. “Alpha” and “Juliet” are pronounced intuitively to avoid mispronunciations. Numbers are spoken as glossed digits, but three, four, five, nine and thousand pronunciations are modified.
It is known that [spelling letters] are produced only after the most thorough tests on a scientific basis in many countries. One of the definitive conclusions is that it is not practical to make a single change between a pair of characters to clarify the confusion. Changing a word involves revising the entire alphabet to ensure that the proposed change is not introduced to others to eliminate a confusion.
After the code words were developed by ICAO (see history below), they were adopted by other national and international organizations, including the ITU, the International Maritime Organization (IMO), the United States Federal Government, and Federal Standard 1037C: Vocabulary of Telecommunication Terms.
Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) (using the spelling “Xray”), International Amateur Radio Union (IARU), American Radio Relay League (ARRL), Association of Public-Safety Communications Officers-International (APCO) and NATO (“Xray”). using spelling) and several military organizations such as the now defunct Southeast Asian Treaty Organization (SEATO).
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The same alphabetic code words are used by all companies, but each company chooses one of two different numerical code words. NATO uses the usual cliché number words (zero, one, two &c., although there are some differences in pronunciation), whereas the ITU (started on 1 April 1969)
And IMO defines compound number words (nadazero, unaone, bissotwo &c.). In practice these are rarely used because they are not held between common entities.
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Spelling letters are used to spell parts of a message that contain letters and numbers to avoid confusion because many letters sound the same, for example “n” and “m” or “f” and “s”; The potential for confusion increases if static or other interruptions are preempted. For example, the message “Go to map grid DH98” might be sent as “Go to map grid Delta-Hotel-Niner-Ait”. Using “Delta” instead of “D” avoids confusion between “DH98” and “BH98” or “TH98”. The unusual pronunciation of some numbers is also designed to reduce confusion.
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In addition to traditional military use, civilian industry uses alphabets to avoid similar problems in sending messages over telephone systems. For example, it is often used in retail where customer or site details are spoken over the phone (to approve a credit agreement or to confirm stock codes), although ad-hoc coding is often used in that instance. It is often used by IT personnel to communicate serial or reference codes (often very long) or other specialized information by voice. Most major airlines use Passenger Name Records (PNRs) to communicate internally and sometimes with customers using alphabets. It is also often used in the medical context to avoid confusion in the dissemination of information.
Abbreviations using the spelling alphabet are well known, such as bravo Zulu (letter code BZ) for “well done”.
Checkpoint Charlie (Checkpoint C) in Berlin and Zulu time for Greifwich Mean Time or Coordinated Universal Time. During the Vietnam War, the US government referred to the Viet Cong guerrillas and the group as the VC or Victor Charlie; The name “Charlie” became synonymous with this power.
This article contains phonetic transcriptions in the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA). For an introductory guide to IPA codes, see Help:IPA. For the distinction between [ ], / / and ⟨ ⟩, see IPA § Parentheses and Transcription Delimiters.
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After hundreds of thousands of comprehension tests involving 31 nationalities, the final selection of code words for letters and numbers was made. A qualifying feature is the possibility that a code word will be understood in the context of others. For example, football is more likely to be understood than a solitary Foxtrot, but the Foxtrot excels at extended communication.
However, there are still obvious differences in pronunciation between ICAO and other organizations, and ICAO has conflicting Latin-alphabet and IPA transcriptions.
Pronunciations are somewhat uncertain because AGCs, using the same pronunciations, give different transcriptions that often contradict letter to letter. ICAO provides a different pronunciation for IPA transcription and renaming. ATIS provides glossed spellings, but not accents or numbers. ICAO, NATO and FAA use variations of Glish numbers with stress on one letter, while ITU and IMO use pseudo-Latinate numbers with slightly different modified Glish numbers and stress on each letter. The numbers 10–99 are spelled out (ie, 17 spoke “one chew” and 60 spoke “six zero”), while the glossed words hundred and thousand are used for hundreds and thousands.
The pronunciation of the digits 3, 4, 5, and 9 differs from the standard clichés—pronounced wood, fawer, fife, and niner. The number 3 is represented as a tree, so it is not pronounced Sri; The long accent of 4 (still found in some glossed dialects) keeps it slightly different from that of ; 5 is pronounced with the second “f” because the normal pronunciation with “v” is easily confused with “fire” (the command to fire); and 9 has an extra letter to distinguish it from the German nein ‘not’.
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Both the IPA and the Pronunciation Pronunciations were developed by ICAO in consultation with the governments of the United States and the United Kingdom before 1956.
ICAO lists both its “International Phonetic System” pronunciations and its “Latin alphabet redaction” pronunciations under the heading “Approximate Pronunciation” and notes: “The pronunciation of words and numbers in the alphabet may vary according to language habits. To eliminate wide variations in pronunciation, posters explaining the preferred pronunciation ICAO Available from.”
In addition, ITU and IMO specify a different set of numerical terms than ICAO. ITU/IMO words are combinations combining a cliche number with a Spanish or Latin prefix.
Even before World War I, with the development and widespread adoption of two-way radios that supported voice, telephone spelling alphabets were developed to improve communication over low-quality and long-distance telephone circuits.
Allied Military Phonetic Spelling Alphabets
In 1927 the CCIR (the predecessor of the ITU) adopted the first non-military internationally recognized spelling alphabet. The resulting alphabet was adopted by ICAO’s predecessor, the International Commission on Air Navigation, and was used for domestic aviation until World War II.
Throughout World War II, many countries used their own versions of the spelling alphabet. In 1941 the United States adopted a joint Army/Navy radiotelephony alphabet to standardize systems across all branches of its armed forces. The American alphabet became known as Able Baker after the words for A and B. During World War II the Royal Air Force adopted something similar to the United States. Other British forces adopted the RAF radio alphabet, similar to the phonetic alphabet used by the Royal Navy during the First World War. At least two words are still sometimes used by UK citizens to spell words on the phone, namely F for Freddie and S for sugar.
In order for the US, UK and Australian armed forces to communicate during joint operations, in 1943 the CCB (Combined Communications Board; combination of US and UK High Commands) adapted the US Army’s joint Army/Navy alphabet to use all three.