Air Force Engineering Technical Letters
Air Force Engineering Technical Letters – An F-16 Fighting Falcon (left), P-51D Mustang (bottom), F-86 Saber (top), and F-22 Raptor (right) fly in a formation representing four U.S. military forces .
Fighter jets are military aircraft designed primarily for air combat. In military combat, the role of fighter jets is to establish air superiority over the battlefield. Dominance of the air over the battlefield allows bombers and attack aircraft to intercept the attack and planning of emy objects.
Air Force Engineering Technical Letters
The main characteristics of the fighter are not only its firepower but also its high speed and maneuverability in relation to the targeted aircraft. The success or failure of a fighter’s attempt to conquer the air depends on many factors such as the skill of his pilots, the quality of his training for the deployment of his fighters, and the numbers and performance of those fighters.
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Many modern fighter aircraft also have secondary capabilities such as attack and some types, such as fighter-bombers, are designed from the start for dual roles. Other fighter designs are highly specialized while fulfilling the role of air superiority, including the interceptor, heavy fighter, and night fighter.
A giv type can be designed for specific combat situations, and in some cases for additional tasks such as air combat. Historically, the British Royal Flying Corps and the Royal Air Force called them “scouts” until the early 1920s, while the US Army called them “pursuit” planes until in the late 1940s. The UK changed to calling them fighters in the 1920s
Of these, the Fighter-bomber, reconnaissance fighter and strike fighter classes are both functional, having characteristics of the fighter with some other battlefields. Some combat strategies can be developed in different ways that work tirelessly in other activities, such as attacking or blinding. For political or government security purposes, for advertising purposes, or for other purposes.
The Sopwith Camel and other “fighter hooks” of World War I played a major role in land raiding. During World War II, the USAAF and RAF often preferred fighters based on light bombers or dive bombers, and models such as the Republic P-47 Thunderbolt and Hawker Hurricane were not rematch as the attackers were released from the ground attack. Some aircraft, such as the F-111 and the F-117, have received fighter designations even though they have no combat capability due to political or other reasons. The F-111B model was originally intended for a combat role with the US Navy, but was canceled. Since fighters have been used since their earliest days to “attack” or “hit” targets against land targets by strafing or launching small bombs and indians. Multipurpose fighter jets such as the McDonnell Douglas F/A-18 Hornet are a much cheaper option than the availability of specialized aircraft types.
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Some of the largest fighters such as the US Grumman F-14 Tomcat, McDonnell Douglas F-15 Eagle, Lockheed Martin F-22 Raptor and Russian Sukhoi Su-27 are used as interceptors of the All weather and best airlines. while still developing air and ground rights later in their careers. An interceptor is an aircraft designed to intercept (or intercept) missiles and therefore often trades maneuverability for altitude.
As part of military nomenclature, aircraft types are often assigned a letter to indicate their use, with a number identifying the specific aircraft. The letters used to designate a fighter differ in different countries. In the official language world, “F” is often used to denote a fighter (eg. Curtiss P-40 Warhawk), a translation of the Frch “C” (Dewoitine D.520 C.1) for Chasseur while in Russia “I” is used for Istrebitel, or exterminator (Polikarpov I-16).
As the variety of combatants increased, the air superiority fighter emerged as a specific role at the peak of speed, maneuverability, and air-to-air weapon systems – capable it’s up to him to hold his own against other fighters and establish his dominance in the sky above the earth. battlefield.
An interceptor is a fighter designed to intercept and approach emy aircraft. There are two classes of interceptors: light aircraft in the point-defce type, built for high speed, high performance and a short range, and larger aircraft with full avionics and designed to fly in the night and all the time and work on long stages. During the First World War, in 1929 this class of fighters was known as interceptor.
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The equipment required for day flying is not sufficient when flying at night or in poor visibility. The night fighter was developed during the First World War along with other equipment to assist the pilot in accurate flight, maneuvering and target acquisition. From the modified version of the Royal Aircraft Factory BE2c in 1915, the night fighter was transformed into the most powerful of all time.
The strategic fighter is fast, strong and durable, able to act as an escort fighter against bombs, to carry out offsive sorties on its own as a penetration fighter and to protect the police station. far from his home base.
Bombers cause problems due to their low speed, size and poor efficiency. The escort fighter was developed during World War II to come between bombers and emy raiders as a protective shield. The first requirement is for long, heavy-duty fighters to deliver the performance. However, they were underutilized and fragile, so as the war progressed, technologies such as rocket launchers were developed to increase the size of conventional fighters.
The penetration fighter is often deployed for ground attack operations, and thus can defend itself while conducting various types of attacks.
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Since World War I, achieving and maintaining air superiority has been considered a prerequisite for victory in conventional warfare.
Fighter jets continued to be developed during World War I, eliminating aircraft and pilots’ ability to gather information by sighting over the battlefield. The early fighters were very small and lightly used by the later ones, and most were biplanes built with a wooden frame covered with cloth, and an air speed of about 100 mph (160 km/h). As air control over military forces became more important, all major powers developed fighters to support their military operations. Between the wars, the fuel was partially or completely replaced by metal pipes, and later the creation of aluminum skins (monocoque) began.
In World War II, most fighters were all-metal monoplanes armed with a handful of machine guns or cannons and some could reach speeds of up to 400 mph (640 km /h). Most fighters to date have been single-engine, but some twin-engine fighters have been developed; however, they were found to be different from single-engine fighters and were assigned other roles, such as night fighters equipped with traditional radar systems.
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During the war, turbojet engines replaced piston engines as a means of propulsion, further increasing the speed of the aircraft. Since the weight of the turbojet engine is much less than the piston engine, it is no longer a disadvantage to have two engines and use one or both, according to the requirements. This necessitated the development of booster seats that the driver could escape from, and G-suits that resisted the greater forces that the driver used while driving. .
In the 1950s, radar was installed in today’s fighters, because due to the continuous expansion of air-to-air forces, pilots could no longer see in front of preparing for resistance. Later, radar capabilities developed and became the primary method of target acquisition. The wings were thinner and swept back to reduce transonic drag, requiring new design methods to achieve adequate strength. The skins are no longer fixed to a fixed metal shape, but are milled from large slabs of the alloy. The sound barrier was broken, and after a few false starts due to the forced changes in the controls, the speed quickly reached Mach 2, before the plane could not make enough effort to avoid it. against the attack.
Air-to-air missiles were largely replaced by guns and bullets in the 1960s since it was thought that both could not be used at the speed available, however, the Vietnam War proved in the role of guns, and most fighters built since were fitted with cannons. (usually between 20 and 30 mm (0.79 and 1.18 in) in caliber) with missiles. Most modern fighter jets can carry two air-to-air missiles.
In the 1970s, turbofans replaced turbojets, improving fuel economy as the rear piston engine support aircraft could be replaced with jets, allowing for larger fighter jets. Honeycomb structures began to replace the mills, and the first composite structures began to appear on the affected areas. Needless to say, the first use of the gins used less fuel; Today, an airliner uses as much fuel in one hour as a pilot does in two.