Hamilton Laurens Love Letters

Hamilton Laurens Love Letters – John Laurs (October 28, 1754 – August 27, 1782) was an American soldier and statesman from South Carolina during the American Revolutionary War, best known for his criticism of slavery and efforts to help recruit slaves to fight for their freedom as soldiers of the United States . .

In 1779 Laurs obtained the approval of the Contintal Congress for his plan to recruit a brigade of 3,000 slaves, promising them their freedom in exchange for fighting. The plan was thwarted by political opposition in South Carolina. Laurs was killed at the Battle of the Combahee River in 1782. August.

Hamilton Laurens Love Letters

Hamilton Laurens Love Letters

John Laurs was born in 1754. October 28 Charleston, South Carolina, to Hry Laurs and Eleanor Ball Laurs, both of whose families prospered as rice farmers. By the 1750s, Hry Laurs and his business partner George Austin had become wealthy, owning one of the largest slave trading houses in North America.

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John was the oldest of five children who survived infancy. John and his two younger brothers, Henry Jr. and James, were brought up at home, but after their mother’s death, their father took them to a boarding school to be educated. His two sisters, Martha and Mary, stayed with their uncle in Charleston.

In 1771 in October, Laurs’ father moved to London with his sons, and Laurs studied in Europe from the age of 16 to 22. For two years, beginning in 1772 In June, he attended school with one brother in Geva, Switzerland, where he lived with the family’s refrigerator.

In his youth, Laurs expressed a great interest in science and medicine, but in 1774 returning to London in August, he gave in to his father’s desire to study law. in 1774 in November, Laurs began law studies at the Middle Temple. Laurs’ father returned to Charleston, leaving Laurs as the guardian of his brothers, who were both educated in British schools.

Laurs remained determined to join the Continental Army and fight for his country, rather than finish law school in a gland and start a family there. in 1776 in December he left for Charleston, leaving his pregnant wife with her family in London.

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That summer he accompanied his father from Charleston to Philadelphia, where his father was to serve in the Continental Congress. Hry Laurs, unable to prevent his son from joining the Continental Army, used his influence to secure an honorable position for his 23-year-old son.

I want to postpone the actual assignment of my fourth echo de camp for a little while longer; but if you will do me the honor of becoming a member of my family, you will greatly delight me with your company and assistance in that line as an additional aid, and I shall be glad to receive you in whatever capacity it may be for you.[7]

Laurs was close friends with two of his fellow aides-de-camp, Alexander Hamilton and the Marquis de Lafayette. He quickly became famous for his reckless bravery when he first saw combat in 1777. September 11 At the Battle of Brandywine during the Philadelphia Campaign. Lafayette remarked, “It was not his fault that he was not killed or wounded [Brandywine, ] he did what was necessary to get one or the other.”

Hamilton Laurens Love Letters

Washington’s forces launched a surprise attack on the British north of Philadelphia. At one point, the Americans were stopped by a large stone mansion occupied by the enemy. After several attempts to take the building failed, Laurs and Frch’s volunteer, chevalier Duplessis-Mauduit, came up with their own daring plan. They gathered straw to light the fire and put it at the door of the house. According to another officer’s account of Laurs’s actions that day, “He rushed to the door of Chew’s House, which he partly forced, and fighting with a sword with one hand, applied a flaming wooden brand with the other, and, most amazingly, retired from under the terrific fire of the house, with very little a wound Laurs was struck by a musket ball that went through part of his right shoulder, and he fashioned a sling for his arm from the sash of his uniform.[6]

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Two days after the Battle of Germantown, in 1777 On October 6, he was officially appointed one of Gerald Washington’s assistants and received the rank of lieutenant colonel.

Since 1777 November 2 until December 11 Washington and several aides, including Laurs, were billeted at Eml’s home, north of Philadelphia, at Camp Hill, which had been Washington’s headquarters during the Battle of White Swamp.

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The rest of 1777-1778 after spending part of the winter in camp at Valley Forge, 1778; June Laurs marched with the rest of the Continental Army to New Jersey to face the British at the Battle of Monmouth.

Near the start of the battle, Laurs had his horse knocked out from under him while he was scouting for Baron von Steub.

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In 1778 December 23 Laurs engaged in a duel with Gerald Charles Lee just outside of Philadelphia when Laurs took offense at Lee’s defamation of a Washington figure. Lee was wounded in the side by Laurs’ first shot, and m seconds Alexander Hamilton and Evan Edwards ended the affair before either Laurs or Lee could fire a second shot.

As the British intensified operations in the South, Laurs promoted the idea of ​​arming slaves and granting them their freedom in exchange for service. He had written, “We Americans, at least in the Southern Colonies, cannot continue the grace for Liberty until we have surrendered our slave franchise.” What set Laurs apart from other leaders in Revolutionary-era South Carolina was his belief that black and white people shared a similar nature and could strive for freedom in a republican society.

In 1778 early on, Laurs advised his father, who was president of the Continental Congress, to use the forty slaves he had inherited as part of the brigade. Hry Laurs granted the request, but with reservations that delayed the project.

Hamilton Laurens Love Letters

Congress approved the concept of a slave regiment in 1779. in March, and St Laurs recruited a regiment of 3,000 black soldiers to the south; however, the plan was resisted and Laurs ultimately failed. After winning election to the South Carolina House of Representatives, Laurs introduced his black regional plan in 1779, again in 1780. and a third time in 1782, each time receiving overwhelming rejection. Opponents included Governor John Rutledge and Gerald Christopher Gadsd.

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In 1779, when the British threatened Charleston, Governor Rutledge offered to surrender the city on the condition that Carolina remain neutral in the war. Laurs strongly opposed the idea and fought with the Continental forces to repel the British.

In 1779 May 3 Colonel William Moultrie’s troops, outnumbered two to one, faced 2,400 British regulars led by Gerald Augustine Prévost who had crossed the Savannah River.

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About two miles east of the Coosawhatchie River, Moultrie left 100m to guard the river crossing and warn the British of their arrival.

As the enemy approached, Moultrie intended to call an aide to lead these troops back to the main force, and Colonel John Laurs offered to lead them back. Moultrie trusted the officer so much that he walked 250m to help cover the flanks. In direct disobedience to orders, Laurs swam across the river and formed a line for battle. He failed to gain the high ground and his m suffered badly from well-placed emy fire. Laurs himself was wounded, and his second-in-command fell back to the main force at Tullifinny, where Moultrie was forced to withdraw towards Charleston.[10]

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Because of Laurs’ connections, his activities could not go unnoticed; For example, May 5 in a letter to the governor of Virginia, the lieutenant governor of South Carolina, Thomas Bee, added the footnote: “Colonel John Laurs received a slight wound in the arm yesterday in a skirmish with emy’s advanced party, and his horse was also shot—he is well—pray his father knows it.”

Laurs was captured by the British in 1780. in May, after the fall of Charleston. As a prisoner of war, he was sent to Philadelphia, where he was paroled on the condition that he not leave Pennsylvania.

In Philadelphia, Laurs was able to visit his father, who was about to sail to the Netherlands as the American ambassador in search of loans. During the voyage to his post, Hry Laurs’ ship was captured by the British, and the elder Laurs was imprisoned in the Tower of London.

Hamilton Laurens Love Letters

Having decided to return to South Carolina and hoping that in 1780 to be released in a prisoner exchange in November, Laurs wrote to George Washington and asked to be allowed to serve as an aide-de-camp:

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My dear Geral. Confined to the headquarters by my attachment to your Excellency, and the patronage with which you have been pleased to honor me, nothing but the approaching critical juncture of the affairs of the south, and the expectations of my country, can induce me to request a further leave.

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Halo, Saya adalah penulis artikel dengan judul Hamilton Laurens Love Letters yang dipublish pada August 27, 2022 di website Caipm

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