French City 5 Letters
French City 5 Letters – Coordinates: 42°41′55″N 2°53′44″E / 42.6986°N 2.8956°E / 42.6986; 2.8956 Coordinates: 42°41′55″N 2°53′44″E / 42.6986°N 2.8956°E / 42.6986; 2.8956
Perfignon (English: /ˈpɜːrpɪnjɒ̃ /, USA: /ˌpɛərpiːˈnjɒn/
French City 5 Letters
Frch: [pɛʁpiɲɑ̃] ( list ); Catalan: Perpinyà [pəɾpiˈɲa]; Spanish: Perpiñán [peɾpiˈɲan]; Italian: Perpignano [perpiɲˈɲaːno]) is the prefecture of the Pyrénées-Oritales Department in southern France, in the heart of the plain of Roussillon, at the foot of the Piraeus a few kilometers from the Mediterranean Sea and the scrublands of the Corbiers Mass. It is the capital of the metropolitan area of Perpignan Méditerranée Métropole.
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In 2016 Perpignan has a population of 121, 875 (Perpignanais (e) in Frch, Perpinyanés (a) in Catalan) in the commune proper, and the metropolitan area has a total population of 268, 577, making it the last major city of English For the Spanish border. Perfignan is also sometimes the “trans” of the Iberian Peninsula.
Perfignan was the capital of the former province and county of Roussillon (Rosselló in Catalan) and continental capital of the Kingdom of Majorca in the 13th and 14th centuries. It has preserved an extensive old quarter with its bodegas in the historic quarter, colorful houses in a series of picturesque streets and alleys stretching between the banks of the Tête and its tributary, the Basse.
The city is also known for its International Photojournalism Festival, its medieval trobades and its old garnet industry.
Perfignon is located at the bottom of the Roussillon plain, 13 km west of the Mediterranean coast. It is the southernmost of the cities of metropolitan France.
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Perfignon is crossed by the largest river in Roussillon, the Têt, and by one of its tributaries, the Basse. Floods occurred, as in 1892, when the rising tide in Perfignan destroyed 39 houses, leaving more than 60 families homeless.
Perfignon has a typical Mediterranean climate (Köpp Csa) similar to much of France’s Mediterranean coastline. One might expect rain to be rare in the city, but in reality annual precipitation levels are similar to the national average. However, the city is known for its patchy rains, with weeks or months of rain falling in a matter of hours, followed by weeks and weeks without a drop of water. Perfignon experiences very hot summers and fairly mild winters. For decades, there is no snow most of the time and temperatures can reach 40 °C (104 °F). Most of the precipitation occurs in the cold season, with extremely dry summers. A fresh northwesterly wind often blows, the Tramontane (French: Tramontane, pronounced [tʁamɔ̃tan]), keeping the sky clear much of the time, which results in high annual sunshine. But the pressure of the wind makes winters colder than they should be from the geographical position of the city.
Perpignan is served by the Gare de Perpignan train station, which offers connections to Paris, Barcelona, Toulouse and several regional destinations. Salvador Dali proclaimed the station to be the “Cosmic CTR of the Universe” after experiencing a vision of cosmogonic ecstasy there in 1963.
The name of Perpignan appears in 927 as Perpinanum, followed in 959 by Villa Perpignano, Pirpinanum in the 11th century, Perpignani in 1176. Perpia, which appears in the 13th century, is the most common form until the 15th century, and is Still used. In the 17th century. It probably derives from the Roman name Perpnius.
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County of Roussillon 1172-927 Principality of Catalonia (Crown of Aragon) 1172-1276 Kingdom of Majorca 1276-1344 Principality of Catalonia (Crown of Aragon) 1344-1463 Kingdom of France 1463-1493 Kingdom of Catalonia 1493-1659 Kingdom of France 1659–1792 French Republic 1792–1804 French Empire 1804–1815 Kingdom of France 1815–1848 French Republic 1848–1852 French Empire 1852–1804 French Kingdom 4–1870 French Prest
Although settlement in the area dates back to Roman times, the medieval town of Perpignan seems to have been founded around the beginning of the 10th century. Soon after, Perfignan became the capital of the counts of Roussillon. Historically, it was part of the region known as Septimania. In 1172 Count Girard II handed over his lands to the Count of Barcelona. Perfignan acquired the institutions of a partially self-governing commune in 1197. French feudal rights over Roussillon were given up by Louis IX in the Treaty of Corbeil.
When James I the Conqueror, King of Aragon and Count of Barcelona, founded the Kingdom of Majorca in 1276, Perfignan became the capital of the mainland territories of the new state. The succeeding decades are considered the golden age in the history of the city. It remained as a center of fabric manufacturing, leather work, goldsmith work and other luxury crafts. King Philip III of France died there in 1285, when he was returning from his unsuccessful crusade against the Aragonese crown.
In 1344 Peter IV of Aragon annexed the kingdom of Majorca and Perfignan once again became part of the county of Barcelona. A few years later it lost approximately half of its population to the Black Death. It was attacked and occupied by Louis XI of France in 1463; A violent uprising against French rule in 1473 was badly put down after a long siege, but in 1493 Charles VIII of France, who wanted to renew Castile in order to free himself to invade Italy, restored it to Ferdinand II of Aragon.
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Re-encountered and captured by the French during the Thirty Years’ War in September 1642, Perpignan was formally ceded by Spain 17 years later in the Treaty of Piraeus, and thereafter remained a French possession.
In June 2020, it was reported that the National Rally’s Louis Aliot won the mayoral election in Perfignon. This would be the first time that the Marine Le P party won a city of more than 100,000 people.
More than 10,000 students from 2 to 12 years old in 61 preschools and primary schools in the city.
Since 2004, the free three-day Guitares au Palais has been held every year in the last week of August at the Palace of the Kings of Majorca. The festival has a broad mainstream focus with pop-related music as well as traditional acoustic guitar music and alternative music. The festival has attracted international guests such as Caetano Veloso (2007), Rumberos Catalans, Pedro Soler, Bernardo Sandoval, Peter Finger, and Aaron and Bryce Dessner (2008).
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Every September, Perfignon hosts the internationally renowned Visa pour l’Image festival of photojournalism. Free exhibitions are mounted in the Couvt des Minimes, Chapelle des Dominicaines and other buildings in the old town.
Like the rest of the south of France, Perpignan is a rugby stronghold: their rugby union side, USAP Perpignan, is a regular competitor in the global elite Heinek Cup and seven-time champion of the Frch Top 14 (most rectly in 2009). They play at the Stade Aimé Giral.
A Perfignan-based rugby league club plays in British Super League under the name Catalans Dragons. The Dragons’ games in Perfignon against the Northern Ireland-based sides are usually very popular with British rugby fans, with thousands of them descending on the town on the day of the game, including many vacationing rugby fans who travel from the Spanish Costa Brava. Those who came straight from home. The club was founded in 2000 as the merger of XIII Catalan with nearby neighbors AS Saint Estève to form Union Treiziste Catalane. The club is based at Stade Gilbert Brutus. The youth teams reformed as Saint-Estève XIII Mavericks, while a French top league semi-professional club was retained under the name Saint-Estève XIII Catalan; Both play in the urban city in Saint-Estève suburb.
The local association football team is Canet Roussillon FC, there is also an Australian football club Perfignon Tigers and American football club Grizzlys Catalans.
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The Roussillon Grand Prix was a Grand Prix motor racing event held between 1946 and 1949 in the streets of Perfignon.
Traditional trade was in wine, olive oil, corks (the cork oak Quercus suber grows in Perfignon’s mild climate), wool, leather, and iron. In May 1907, there was a seat of agitation by southern producers for government forces of wine quality after a collapse in prices. JOB rolling papers are now manufactured in Perpignan.
The 13th Carey Palace of the Kings of Majorca sits on the high citadel, surrounded by ramparts, reinforced for Louis XI and Charles V, which were updated in the 17th century by Louis XIV’s military Jean Vauban.
The walls around the city, which were designed by Vauban, were raised in 1904 to accommodate urban development. The main city gate, the castillet is a small fortress built in the 14th century, which has been preserved. It was also used as a prison until the 19th century.
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The Hôtel Pams is a lavishly decorated mansion designed for Jules Pams that illustrates the artistic taste of the wealthy bourgeoisie at the turn of the 20.
Les Halles de Vauban are a new addition to the banks of the city’s canal. Opened in November 2017, the indoor markets are privately owned and cost €1.5 million. Split in