Letters And Papers Foreign And Domestic Henry Viii
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Letters And Papers Foreign And Domestic Henry Viii
Letters and documents, foreign and domestic, of the reign of Henry VIII preserved in the Public Record Office, the British Museum and elsewhere in England, pp. 1 – 199
Northamptonshire Past And Present
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To save content items to your account, please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is your first time using this feature, you will be asked to authorize Core to connect to your account. Find out more about saving content on Google Drive .) was Que of gland and Ireland as the last of the six wives of King Hry VIII from their marriage on 12 July 1543 until Hry’s death on 28 January 1547. Catherine was the final que consort of the House of Tudor, and survived Hry by a year and eight months. With four husbands, she is the most married glish que. She was the first woman to publish an original work under her own name in glish in gland.
Catherine enjoyed a close relationship with Hry’s three children, Mary, Elizabeth and Edward. She was personally involved in the education of Elizabeth and Edward. She was influential in Hry’s passage of the Third Act of Succession in 1543 which restored his daughters Mary and Elizabeth to the line of succession.
Catherine was appointed regent from July to September 1544 while Henry was on a military campaign in France and in case he lost his life, she would rule as regent until Edward came of age. However, he did not give her any function in the government in his will. After the king’s death, she assumed the role of guardian of her stepdaughter, Elizabeth.
Her book Prayers or Meditations became the first book published by a glish que under her own name on 2 June 1545. She published a third book, The Lamtation of a Sonner, on 5 November 1547. Because of her Protestant sympathies, she had the anti-Protestant officials who tried to turn the king against her; a warrant for her arrest was drawn up, probably in the spring of 1546.
Letters And Papers Pages 1 To 199
After Hry’s death in 1547, Catherine was allowed to keep the woman’s jewels and dresses as a widow. About six months after Hry’s death, she married her fourth and last husband, Thomas Seymour, 1st Baron Seymour of Sudeley. Seymour was the uncle of King Edward VI (Catherine’s stepson) and the younger brother of Edward Seymour, 1st Duke of Somerset and Lord Protector of gland. Catherine’s fourth marriage was short-lived, as she died on Wednesday, September 5, 1548 from complications of childbirth.
Catherine Parr was the eldest child of Sir Thomas Parr, lord of the manor of Kdal in Westmorland, (now Cumbria), and Maud Gre, daughter and co-heiress of Sir Thomas Gre, lord of Gres Norton, Northamptonshire, and Joan Fogge. Sir Thomas Parr was a descendant of King Edward III, and the Parrs were a considerable northern family that included many knights. Catherine had a younger brother, William, later created the first Marquess of Northampton, and younger sister, Anne, later Countess of Pembroke. Sir Thomas was a close companion of King Hry VIII, and as such was rewarded with responsibilities and/or income from his positions as Sheriff of Northamptonshire, Master of the Wards, and Comptroller to the King, in addition to lord of Kdal. Catherine’s mother was a close friend and attendant of Catherine of Aragon, and Catherine Parr was probably named after Que Catherine, who was her godmother.
Catherine Parr was once thought to have been born at Kdal Castle in Westmorland. However, at the time of her birth, Kdal Castle was already in a very poor condition.
During her pregnancy, Maud Parr stayed at court and attended the Que, and the Parr family necessarily lived in their townhouse at Blackfriars. Historians now consider it unlikely that Sir Thomas would take his pregnant wife on an arduous two-week journey north over bad roads to give birth in a crumbling castle in which neither of them appears to have spent much time.
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Catherine’s father died when she was young, and she was close to her mother growing up.
Catherine’s initial education was similar to other well-born women, but she developed a passion for learning that would continue throughout her life. She was fluent in Frch, Latin and Italian, and began to learn Spanish after she became que.
However, according to biographer Linda Porter, the story that as a child Catherine could not stand sewing and often told her mother “my hands are meant to touch crowns and sceptres, not spindles and needles”, is most likely apocryphal.
In 1529, when she was seventh, Catherine married Sir Edward Burgh (pronounced and sometimes written Borough), a grandson of Edward Burgh, 2nd Baron Burgh. Earlier biographies incorrectly reported that Catherine married the elder Burgh.
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After the 2nd Baron Burgh’s death in December 1528, Catherine’s father-in-law Sir Thomas Burgh was summoned to Parliament as Baron Burgh in 1529.
Catherine’s first husband was in his twenties and may have been in poor health. He served as a feoffee for Thomas Kiddell and as a justice of the peace. His father also obtained a joint beat in survivorship with his son for the office of steward of the manor of the soke of Kirton in Lindsey. The younger Sir Edward Burgh died in the spring of 1533 and did not survive to inherit the title of Baron Burgh.
After her first husband’s death, Catherine Parr may have spent time with the Dowager Lady Strickland, Katherine Neville, who was the widow of Catherine’s cousin Sir Walter Strickland, at the Stricklands’ family home of Sizergh Castle in Westmorland (now in Cumbria). In the summer of 1534, Catherine married secondly John Neville, 3rd Baron Latimer, her father’s second cousin and a relative of Lady Strickland. With this marriage, Catherine became only the second woman in the Parr family to marry into the peerage.
The twice widowed Latimer was twice Catherine’s age. From his first marriage to Dorothy de Vere, sister of John de Vere, 14th Earl of Oxford, he had two children, John and Margaret. Although Latimer was in financial difficulties after he and his brothers took legal action to claim the title of Earl of Warwick, Catherine now had a house of her own, a title and a man of position and influence in the had north
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Latimer was a supporter of the Catholic Church and opposed the king’s first annulment, his subsequent marriage to Anne Boleyn, and the religious consequences. In October 1536, during the Lincolnshire Rebellion, Catholic rebels appeared in front of the Latimers’ home and threatened violence if Latimer did not join their efforts to restore links between Gland and Rome. Catherine watched as her husband was dragged away. Between October 1536 and April 1537, Catherine lived alone in fear with her stepson and struggled to survive. It is likely that, in these uncertain times, Catherine’s strong reaction against the rebellion solidified her adherence to the Reformed Church.
In January 1537, during the rebellion known as the Pilgrimage of Mercy, Catherine and her stepchildren were held hostage at Snape Castle in North Yorkshire. The rebels looted the house and gave word to Lord Latimer, who was returning from London, that if he did not return immediately, they would kill his family. When Latimer returned to the castle, he managed to persuade the rebels to release his family and leave, but the aftermath took its toll on the entire family.
The King and Thomas Cromwell heard conflicting reports as to whether Latimer was a prisoner or a conspirator. As conspirators he could be found guilty