Type Of Horse 6 Letters
Type Of Horse 6 Letters – Whole books have been written about bits and finding the best bits for you and your horse. This article serves as a simplified guide to teach you about the most common bits found in both English and Western subjects. You’ll also find bits that cross between different disciplines, like our beloved Tornado featured in our Herm Sprenger bit review.
There are many different components that can be combined to create hundreds of different bits for countless uses. From what fits in the horse’s mouth to how you attach your reins, everything has a purpose.
Type Of Horse 6 Letters
Horses’ mouths naturally have a toothless area at the top corner of their lips and a small area on the gums and tongue.
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When no pressure is applied to the reins, the bit should fit snugly in the mouth and not cause the horse any discomfort.
When the rider uses the reins, the bit applies pressure to the tongue, gums, and sometimes the roof of the mouth, communicating different signals to the horse.
Horse bit types with “leverage” put pressure under the chin through the bridle on the pole (the area between the ears) as well as the curb chain that goes under the chin.
A mouthpiece is what fits in the horse’s mouth. Mouthpieces come in many shapes and sizes and are also known as bars.
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Mouthpieces can be twisted, curved or straight, have rollers and balls for the horse to play with, and can be covered in rubber or copper.
The cheek pieces sit outside the horse’s mouth. The bridle connects to the top and the bridle connects to the bottom. There are many styles of cheek pieces including D-ring, eggbutt and full cheek.
Some cheekpieces can give you a little more leverage if you need it. For example, types of horse bits with full cheek bits make it easier for the horse’s head to bump to the left or right if they aren’t paying attention to a gentle squeeze on their reins.
Loose ring cheekpieces require bit guards, which are round pieces of rubber that fit between the horse’s cheek and the cheek piece. Loose rings can potentially break a piece of the horse’s skin and pinch them, which can be shocking and painful. Bit guards prevent this from happening.
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Shanks are the long pieces that hang near the horse’s chin. The longer the shank, the stronger it is. Shanks provide leverage and long bits require very little movement on the reins to apply pressure to the horse’s mouth.
Shanks are commonly seen on Western curb bits and the curb chain is needed for leverage to properly distribute pressure from the bridle and pole. Curb chains can be actual chains or pieces of leather.
The wide variety of bits available caters to specific combinations of horse, rider, training goals and discipline.
Even slight differences in bit construction can affect how well a horse responds to aids.
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Your arms must be able to move independently of the rest of your body. This means that even if we are slightly unbalanced in the saddle, we are not using more rein pressure for support.
You can also move your arms up, down and side to side while trotting or cantering or jumping.
If you don’t yet have an independent hand, you need to consider gentler bits that won’t bother your horse during your learning period.
Your horse’s mouth is an important consideration because some horses are more sensitive to rein pressure than others.
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A young horse or an inexperienced (“green”) mouth will be very sensitive and must be gently engaged with gentle hands.
On the other hand, some horses have been ridden with rough hands and hard reins for so long that they are called “stiff mouths.” These horses have become desensitized to light aids and may no longer respond to mild bits.
Of course, the ultimate goal is to have a horse that responds quickly to help communicated with light assistance.
But training challenges can be overcome with the help of different bits. For example, if your horse is difficult to stop, a more powerful bit can give you a great back-up option and train him to stop with a light assist.
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The discipline you want to ride/show will allow certain bits and ban others. There are many rules around bits for hunter/jumpers, dressage and western riding.
If you only want to ride your horse for fun and have no intention of entering the show ring, mixing and matching your tack is fine.
Ultimately, you’ll need to try different bits to see which one will work best. You can always return the ones you didn’t choose! Return to article index
You’ll find bits in dozens of combinations of mouthpieces and cheekpieces. In this section we will talk about different combinations to show you the most commonly used English horse bits for different situations.
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However, a single jointed mouthpiece means that hard hands can exert significant “nutcracker” pressure on the horse’s lower jaw and the roof of the mouth, so it is important to have a soft hand with this hand.
You can also choose thick or thin bars to fine tune the effect of this bit. A large D-ring cheekpiece offers a very mild benefit compared to some other cheekpiece styles.
Eggbutt snaffle cheekpieces look a bit like an egg and are meant to pinch the horse’s cheeks. “French link” refers to the two joints in the snaffle bit, both of which squeeze the reins to relieve pressure on the horse’s lower jaw.
It is considered a gentle bit and can be found with a curved mouthpiece to make it even softer.
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A Mullen bit is a straight bar with no joints. Because it has little or no nutcracker action (the pressure only goes to the tongue and lower jaw, not the roof of the mouth), it is considered very gentle.
A loose ring snaffle also allows the horse to “play” a little more because there is no leverage.
The bit mouthpiece moves freely between the cheek pieces, so the horse can move its head slightly without resistance from the rider’s hand.
Combine these facts with the soft (and often apple-scented!) polymer covering, and it’s very popular for young horses’ first rides.
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This is definitely a combination for training purposes and should be used by experienced riders with independent and forgiving hands. Full cheek cheekpieces require “keepers” to keep the bit in the mouth in the correct and effective position.
These long cheek pieces are useful when the horse doesn’t turn much, as they add pressure to the side of the cheek and make your request a bit more pronounced.
The twisted wire makes it very uncomfortable for the horse to lean on this edge, so if your horse has a habit of pulling the reins out of your hands (which can also be a sign that your hands are too rough!) or otherwise leaning. This can be a good option for a bit of retraining, regardless of stopping the reins and your aids.
Pelhams are meant to be used with two sets of reins so you can take advantage of both direct pressure and leverage on the pole and chin. You can add a leather strap known as a “Pelham converter”, however, to use it as a single bridle.
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Alternatively, you can remove the bottom curb bridle for novice riders. Because it has a leverage action, it is used with curb chains. Adding copper to the link in this bit can make the horse “tasty” it and enjoy having it in the mouth a little more.
Kimberwicks are easy to identify based on the D-ring cheek pieces that have two separate places for you to attach the reins. They are similar to Pelhams but are primarily for use with a bridle.
You can choose whether you want direct rein action (top rein slot) or more leverage (bottom rein slot).
The port is the raised area in the bar and touches the roof of the mouth when rein pressure is applied. High ports require less effort to pressurize the roof of the mouth and low ports require more.
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Ports sometimes have rollers, which may or may not be made of copper, which allow busy horses to play a bit and roll the metal piece with their tongues.
Double bridles should really be called double bits to avoid confusion! Two separate bits fit into the horse’s mouth, each with its own bridle.
Another is a curb bit with a solid bar (with or without a port), called a “weymouth” when using a double bridle.
Shank bits are characterized by long pieces that hang behind the horse’s chin. These bits can have a variety of mouthpieces including joints or ports.
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They are commonly seen with walking horses as the extra leverage helps